Welcome to my webpage! Here are some quick tips and ideas to jump start your home therapy. You may use pictures from books, magazines, learning material cards, google images, and even family photos to practice the following communication skills:
*Receptive Vocabulary – have your child point to the picture that you name. Limit the field of choices to 2 then expand with your child's success.
*Expressive Vocabulary – have your child name the picture that you point to.
*Articulation – have your child repeat after you the name of the picture using the best speech sounds possible. Please follow these steps face-to-face with your child:
1. Sound level
2. Syllable level
3. Word level
4. Phrase level
5. Sentence level
6. Reading level
7. Conversational level
*Phonological Awareness - if your child is able, you can practice these important literacy skills:
1. Rhyming (Discrimination) - say the word then another and ask your child if they rhyme or not (Do these rhyme? Response should be "yes" or "no").
2. Rhyming (Production) - have your child tell you a word that rhymes with the name of the picture - nonsense words count:)
3. Segmenting - have your child clap out the words in a simple then complex sentence, then the words in compound words, then the syllables in the word, then each sound in the word; make sure to talk about the difference between a sound and a letter.
4. Isolation - have your child tell you the initial, medial, and final sounds in the word.
5. Deletion - have your child take out one word of a compound word, then the initial, medial, and final sounds (one at a time) of the word.
6. Substitution - have your child take out a sound and put another one in instead to make something new; for example, take "cat" and turn it into bat, then bet, then bed.
7. Graphemes - have your child read the word and make modifications to it (if possible) and talk about how sounds can change the meaning; for example, if the word is "walk", add /s/, /ing/, /ed/ to change the verb tense or for a noun, add /s/ to discuss plurality and possession.
*Sentence Structure – have your child either make a sentence with the pictured word in it (if possible) or…
*Memory – have your child repeat a COMPLETE sentence that uses the pictured word in it
*Language Processing – ask your child to answer your question that states a characteristic. For example:
1. What is this called? (Label)
2. What do you do with this? (Function)
3. What goes with this? (Association)
4. What group (category) does this belong to? (Categorizatoin)
5. How is this (for example "sink") like a (for example "bathtub")? How are the two different? (Similarities and Differences)
6. How can this word be used in a different way? (for example. "sink" is also a verb!) (Multiple Meanings)
7. Tell me anything else you know about this word (Attributes); for example: color, size, shape, parts, necessities (what is needed for it to work), origin (where it comes from), location (where you can get it)
*Basic Concepts - talk about where an object or item is using descriptive terms (on, under, in, next to, etc.)
*Wh-questions - READ, READ, READ! And stop to ask who, what, where, when, why, how, which questions as much as you can for every page - no need to wait until the end! You can take turns reading each sentence or page. Make predicitons about the story, relate to the characters, discuss the characters' emotions.
*Play games! I Spy, "Guess Who", and any games that involve language are great:) Think about car games you played as a child and go back to those. Memory games are wonderful too:)
*Onomatopoeias - One of my favorites! These are vocabulary words representative of sounds, like bark, moo, ring, crash, etc. Point out the everyday sounds you hear and attach words to them. Have your child say and/or spell the word. Have your child match the word to its source.
Again, this is just a quick idea list but not exhaustive by any means! There are 8 websites listed under my Learning Anytime Anywhere option - I use and adore them all, check them out!
Samantha C. Dorsey, MS CCC/SLP-L AOS